Anitha Karthik, Edinburgh Napier University
November 2021 was a devastating month for flooding in the city of Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu in southern India. With 1,000mm of rainfall in just four weeks, these were the worst rains since the devastating floods of 2015 when it poured for 22 out of 30 days in December, setting a record of 1,049mm.
Then, as now, the flooding in Chennai was described as a man-made disaster, despite occurring during a storm called Cyclone Nivar. On both occasions, death, disruption and destruction was the result. India has faced more than 300 weather events in the last two decades, resulting in over 79,000 deaths.
Tamil Nadu has long been known for its susceptibility to a long list of natural disasters: cyclones, storm surge...